It is important to treat all the systems affected by the concussion in order to make the most complete recovery possible. Evaluation by a therapist and follow up treatment is important to restore patients to their full function in sport, and school or work tasks.
Concussion symptoms reported by the athlete may include:
- Headache or "pressure" in head
- Nausea or vomiting
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Double or blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to noise
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy
- Concentration or memory problems
- Just not "feeling right" or is "feeling down"
Signs of a concussion may include:
- Appears dazed or stunned
- Is confused about assignment or position
- Forgets an instruction
- Is unsure of game, score, or opponent
- Moves clumsily
- Answers questions slowly
- Loses consciousness (even briefly)
- Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes
The symptoms may take weeks or months to resolve but will improve faster and more completely with physical therapy.
Treatment may include specialized eye exercises to help reestablish the smooth, coordinated movement and the ability to focus; dizziness and balance recovery exercises, and manual therapy to the neck to restore normal muscle states and joint mobility.